Learning Outcomes: Outline the elements of crime; Understand the different degrees of intent; Explain what is a strict liability offence; Outline the burden and standard of proof in criminal law; and Be able to analyse case law and cite cases in a persuasive manner in an answer. That is a basic explanation which in a brief introduction to criminal law is fairly straightforward, but it is actually a fairly complex area of law, explained using the latin phrases actus reus (guilty act) and mens rea (guilty mind). These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. But if someone committed an offence while, for example, sleepwalking or protecting themselves or their family, then that could be a defence which would help them avoid being found guilty. That means there must be no other obvious course of action to avoid the injury or damage (such as running away), and the level of force used must be proportionate to the threat so stabbing someone to stop them scratching your car probably would not count as a defence in law, and the fact that the defendant thought the action was reasonable is not enough to suggest that it was. Introduction to Criminal Law Criminal Law is one of the essential core subject areas required for a qualifying law degree. Verdicts along the lines of he probably did it, or if she didn’t do it, who else did?, are not usually enough for a conviction. 3. Crime is around us in many forms and it is a feature of everyday news. Entry Requirements . and non-LL.B. Criminal Law is law which involves the state (or The Crown, sometimes referred to as Regina) bringing a prosecution against an individual. However, the jury have to accept the facts as the defendant honestly believed them to be at the time, even if he or she was mistaken. So if the jury believe that a defendant honestly thought that his attacker had a knife and so attacked him, the jury have to take that belief into account, even if he was only holding a broom handle. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Some of the most important crimes have their source in the common law. Neil Boister's An Introduction to Transnational Criminal Law is a great manual both as an overview of criminal law in the globalised world as emerging subject and as a comprehensive collage of various materials and various tools which make transnational criminal law differ from other areas of legal studies and/or transnational criminology. Please check the entry requirements tab before making your application to ensure you meet the entry criteria and have all the … Introduction to Criminal Law Criminal Law is one of the essential core subject areas required for a qualifying law degree. Critically discuss. They include, for example, murder, assault, fraud, sexual and property offenses and other. This duty is established in common law (precedents set by decisions of the courts) and the police have both common law and legislative powers to execute it. From legal ethics to forensic science - gain a better understanding of the justice system with our online law … Then they can consider whether his reaction, for example stabbing the attacker first, was reasonable by their standard. Criminal law is only one of the devices by which organized societies protect the security of individual interests and ensure the survival of the group. Crime is a common part of everyday life. The state is informed by the community of bad behaviour through its agencies and policing forces, it acts on reports and represents the interest of the public by investigating, gathering evidence, and if appropriate, charging a person accused of engaging in a type of specific prohibited conduct, known as a criminal offence . This is an exciting introduction to criminal law – covering the law of theft, murder, manslaughter and non-fatal offences. Linking discussion of legal theories, case-law and practice to scholarship and opinion, A Critical Introduction to International Criminal Law explores these critiques through five main themes at the heart of contemporary dilemmas: • The shifting contours of criminality and international crimes • The tension between individual and collective responsibility • The challenges of domestic, international, … View all details on Introduction to Criminal Law Level 3 course on reed.co.uk, the UK's #1 job site. reed.co.uk also offers distance learning courses and in-company Law courses if these are the preferred methods of study you are looking for. In the criminal courts, there are generally two levels of court. Company Registration No: 4964706. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. However, it is important to understand that focus must be placed on legal principles derived form legislation and case law, as common conceptions of crime can be very different to its actual elements. Several other defences to charges of use of force have been added over the years by Parliament. The law relating to aiding and abetting a crime is confused. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. He can appear as a judge on his own, but the magistrates (sometimes called Lay Magistrates or a Lay Bench) must appear with two or three in court at any one time. It is also important to differentiate between a criminal and a civil wrong. This introductory text covers all the core aspects of Scots criminal law and is suitable as an introduction for students on LL.B. This entry about An introduction to criminal law, has been published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0) licence, which permits unrestricted use and reproduction, provided the author or authors of the An introduction to criminal law, entry and the Encyclopedia of Law are in each case credited as the source of the An introduction to criminal law, entry. These are laid down by Parliamentary Law (statutes like the Theft Act 1968, or by previous decided case history in the courts (common law). 1.4 The sources of criminal law The criminal law is a creature of the common law, that is, judge made law. In the Magistrates Court, questions of law (procedure and legal issues) are dealt with by part time judges called Magistrates, or by a District Judge, who is a former lawyer. The accompanying website to An Introduction to Criminal Justice has: This introduction to criminal law should give you. 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