Macdonald’s line in this sector — and in others — was repeated in practically all subsequent official maps. If the Ruler of Kutch had been misled into altering his position to his detriment by reason of a belief induced in him by the Paramount Power that he was the master of the whole Rann, it might have been argued on grounds of equity (though, in the context of the Indian political system, it could not be accepted) that it would be unjust to deprive him of that mastery after he had so altered his position. From the map of the Hyderabad District it appears that the Rann of Kutch is the southern boundary of the Hyderabad District. — which could not be the case if the whole Rann belonged to Kutch.In a dispute over Keswala Bet, lying in the middle of the Rann, decided by Jacob in 1856 (Ind. This entrance is, by its geographic position, controlled by Kutch. It is under item 10 and is to the effect that Sind Taluka criminal courts exercised jurisdiction "as far as half the Rann". As no events of importance occurred in this interval it could be said that the critical date is one date, with a slight duration of six weeks, or that the last of the above dates, 31 August 1947, is the critical date superseding the other ones. Bhuj is an ideal starting point to visit the Rann of Kutch. From this time on, officers of the Central British Customs Organisation apparently patrolled regularly in the Rann in the neighbourhood of the mentioned customs outposts. There are two categories of Bombay Administration Reports. The question therefore of a vertical line to the west of the Khori River dividing Sind from Kutch could not then arise. The most eloquent documents of the Government of India on the alignment of the Sind—, CONCLUSIONS - DISSENTING OPINION OF JUDGE ALES BEBLER 499. These maps may not be technically as accurate as the post-survey maps, but they do depict the position as it stood then. Pakistan argues, on this issue, on the basis of the same conception. Know How Indian army protect our country from pakistan in Kutch district This is evidently an untenable position. These cases were decided on their own facts, and it was found in each case that the existing factual position conformed to a pattern of a median line. At the time of Macdonald’s Survey, the river only marked the eastern limit of Jati Taluka. Then the Kutch representation was submitted to Sind and Sind was asked to comment. They did so through a system of outposts on the largest bets in the Great Rann and through punitive expeditions against Sindi bandits beyond the northern edge of the Great Rann. In short, the legal effects of the principle are so fundamental that they decide by themselves, alone the matter in dispute and its infraction cannot be looked upon as a mere incident of the proceedings.". Kutch claimed the Rann but it had not been determined as to how much of the Rann belonged to Kutch. This map was sent to the Bombay Government which consulted the Commissioner in Sind. Instead of speaking of military outposts to secure the integrity of one side against possible inroads of the other, documents speak of traffic problems, of track markings, road building, etc., in short, of problems characteristic of the initial stage of the peaceful coexistence of two neighbouring portions of an Empire under the same rule. The point made in respect of the 1914 Resolution is that the Sind Admini-, 520 INDO-PAKISTAN WESTERN BOUNDARY CASE TRIBUNAL. Unless there is between States a territory with a well-defined legal status under generally accepted rules of International Law (condominium, trusteeship and the like), all boundaries are usually conterminous. When the final approval was received from London, only then the Surveyor General’s Office published the new edition.". 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